Waste Management

ICONS takes Waste management to its next generation.

Waste management is normally known as the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. We are referring to materials normally produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics.

At ICONS we integrate Waste management practices with resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources by segregating and recovering materials such as metals, glass, paper, etc.

Our Waste management practices are perfectly aligned with the currently evolving worldwide trend towards sustainable development, diversion from landfills and 4R’s:

  • Reduce
  • Reuse
  • Recycle
  • Recover

We feel that we are now located at that point in time where nature is in our hands.  It’s called a “Tipping point”.  It is up to us, and only us, to decide on the future of our planet.  It is up to us to create an environment that we would feel good about passing to our children.

The standard waste management process treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radiocative substances. At ICONS we endeavour  to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

Waste management practices differ for developed and developing nations, for urban and rural, and for residential and industrial producers.

We assist local Government Authorities in the management of non-hazardous  “residential waste and institutional waste in metropolitan areas” by consulting and providing turn key solutions that take into account prospected growth and trends for permanent fixes.

We also assist the generators of non-hazardous “commercial and industrial” waste in thier management and disposal with the same approach.

As an alternative to known standard practices we privilege an integrated waste management system with a minimal environmental impact, that from the fraction of non segregated waste, recovers recyclable waste, reducing therefore also the overall volumes of waste to be disposed of with the objective of reducing waste generation to ZERO!

We avail of cutting edge and most modern technologies for:

  • reducing the total of non segregated waste (that would normally be disposed of in a landfill);
  • reducing the quota of treated waste to be normally disposed of by an incinerator;
  • reducing the quantity of “compost” of inferior quality, and finally;
  • maximizing the quantity of recyclable materials.

The above technological solutions can all be seen in operation in working installations engaged in resolving the waste disposal problems of the communities that have chosen an envronmentally friendly approach.

Waste To Energy Power Plants

Generic issues with Waste

Generic issues with Landfills

Leachate is a liquid that is formed when the waste decays. Rainfall percolating through the waste will dissolve soluble components of the waste, but leachate will also contain in-solubles such as oils and small particles. It has to be monitored as it can be toxic and cause damage to the surrounding environment if it is not treated correctly.

Leachate production is an inevitable consequence of the landfilling of wastes, it is a process that can last for a number of decades, possibly in excess of 100 years on larger contained sites.

Landfill gas is a by-product generated from the decomposition of biodegradable wastes such as household waste. The major constituents of landfill gas are methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2).

Typically 45% – 65% of landfill gas is methane. At certain concentrations a mixture of methane or hydrogen may ignite causing fires or explosions.

Our value proposition:

  • Financially sound
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Societally valid
  • Proven

ICONS holds the international distribution and implementation rights for the latest state of the art Waste To Energy (W2E) technology. It is sustainable, non-polluting, profitable & leading edge Green W2E Power Generation utilising unique, innovative & revolutionary technology.

The W2E technology is fully protected by international patents and we will continue to ensure future R&D security and competitive advantages.

In the implementation process ICONS will provide an infrastructure that is distributed to meet community and local needs thereby aiming to increase the efficiency of the electrical power we generate by up to 33% and maximising the potential of the Combined Heat & Power (CHP) capabilities of the installed W2E plants up to 89%.

ICONS will lead the power generation market by being the first to:

  • transform 100% of waste into energy and valuable products;
  • sell all of the products output from the installed W2E plants, as well as;
  • delivering maximum value financially, environmentally, societally and proven.

The above can be delivered in and environmentally friendly landscaped W2E Power Plant layout that integrates perfectly and in full harmony with urban and residential areas as indicated below:

Key Facts – CSR Environment:

  • No Emissions
  • No Pollution
  • No Landfill Requirement
  • No Odours
  • Efficient Electrical Production
  • Full International Patent Protection
  • 100% conversion of waste to profitable product
  • Deals with liquid and solid waste; including medical waste and sewage
  • Small Footprint
  • No Contamination
  • No Health Hazard
  • No Visual or Environmental Impact
  • Optimised Carbon Footprint
  • No Dioxins
  • Efficient CHP Facility
  • Unique Technology
  • Provides 100% Disposal of Waste
  • Enables Community Power Delivery
  • Revenue generation both upstream & downstream

Key Facts – CSR Society:

  • Enables community power delivery (as opposed to centralised)
  • Creates jobs
  • Integrates seamlessly within urbanisation plans
  • Can provide leisure/green space
  • Ethically & morally positive for society
  • Enables interaction in a proactive way with the community within which it resides
  • Enables streams of education & awareness to flow to the community and stakeholders
  • Can support other ‘green’ stakeholders (waste – recycling – power)

The Need:

  • Rapidly Filling Landfills
  • The growing communities are producing tonnes of waste each year.
  • Municipal waste will double by 2020
  • Only under 10 years of landfill life left
  • Land is in short supply (development, food production & leisure)
  • The fuel is available in huge quantities – Waste, the new ‘coal’?
  • The growing communities are becoming resource poor
  • Two out of three coal fired power stations will close by 2015
  • Demand overtakes supply 2012-2015
  • There is a need for non-polluting ‘Green-Energy’; not only morally but also politically and by statute
  • Government support is available

Key Figures:

  • Payback Period 4 years.
  • Revenue example (340 tons/day municipal waste conversion / disposal) 1st yr = US$168.3m.
  • Cost/Year example (340 tons/day municipal waste conversion / disposal) = US$26.6m.
  • Space Required 25,000 m2 for 340 tons/day municipal waste conversion / disposal capacity.
  • IRR 25%.
  • ROI on EBITDA 29%.
  • Operation 24/7.
  • Plant Build 20 mths from order.
  • Plants available for converting / disposing any capacity.

Revenue & Profit Opportunities:

ICONS provides revenue & profit opportunities both upstream and downstream:

  • Waste – revenues from collection/acceptance for disposal
  • Recycled Materials – revenue from recycled material sale
  • Electrical Power – suppliers subject to statutory renewables obligation until 31 March 2027
  • Thermal Energy – district heating/cooling, sanitary hot water, water desalination plants
  • Water – for sale to industry or retail
  • Hydrogen Gas (H2) – for sale to industry
  • Carbon Dioxide Gas (CO2) – for sale to industry
  • Aggregates – for sale to industry (e.g. cement additives and road construction)
  • Carbon Credits – for sale on the carbon credit market

For more information please e-mail info@iconsfze.com.

Renewable Energy

ICONS is heavily engaged in Research & Development to reduce global carbon emissions from energy production – CO2 to ZERO by 2050.

  • On average 5 tons each per world population
  • 6.8 billion people worldwide 2010 (heading to 9 billion)

Our efforts are also extended to the Research & Development in the renewable energy sector to reduce energy prices in order to be twice as cheep. Energy miracle !

  • 6.8 billion people worldwide 2010
  • Of the above, about 2 billion are without energy
  • To reduce poverty the best solution is to lower the price of energy

Renewable energy is energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat, which are renewable (naturally replenished).

In 2008, about 19% of global final energy consumption came from renewables, with 13% coming from traditional biomass, which is mainly used for heating, and 3.2% from hydroelectricity. New renewables (small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, and biofuels) accounted for another 2.7% and are growing very rapidly.

The share of renewables in electricity generation is around 18%, with 15% of global electricity coming from hydroelectricity and 3% from new renewables.

Wind power is growing at the rate of 30% annually, with a worldwide installed capacity of 158 gigawatts (GW) in 2009, and is widely used in Europe, Asia, and the United States. At the end of 2009, cumulative global photovoltaic (PV) installations surpassed 21 GW and PV power stations are popular in Germany and Spain. Solar thermal power stations operate in the USA and Spain, and the largest of these is the 354 megawatt (MW) SEGS power plant in the Mojave Desert. The world’s largest geothermal power installation is The Geysers in California, with a rated capacity of 750 MW. Brazil has one of the largest renewable energy programs in the world, involving production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane, and ethanol now provides 18% of the country’s automotive fuel. Ethanol fuel is also widely available in the USA.

While many renewable energy projects are large-scale, renewable technologies are also suited to rural and remote areas, where energy is often crucial in human development. Globally, an estimated 3 million households get power from small solar PV systems. Micro-hydro systems configured into village-scale or county-scale mini-grids serve many areas. More than 30 million rural households get lighting and cooking from biogas made in household-scale digesters. Biomass cookstoves are used by 160 million households.

Climate change concerns, coupled with high oil prices, peak oil, and increasing government support, are driving increasing renewable energy legislation, incentives and commercialization. New government spending, regulation and policies helped the industry weather the global financial crisis better than many other sectors.

At ICONS we combine our Research & Development activities with the design, implementation and installation of renewable energy projects that avail of the latest state of the art technology. By endeavouring in this mission our objectives are to contribute to the reduction of global carbon emissions from energy production – CO2 to ZERO by 2050 and reduce energy prices in order to be twice as cheep. Energy miracle !